At every point in time in the Socio-Cultural, Political and Economical life of any Nation on earth; there comes a time when the need for drastic and positive change becomes phenomenal and paramount that the life-wire of the nation will constantly, dramatically and systematical align herself to ensuring that everything that will lead to such change comes into force, occasioned by natural occurrences that transient from time through activities of the leaders of the nation.
The case of Guinea Bissau cannot be overemphasized in this journey to the real change that will drive the country and reposition her for a greater, more prosperous and a united nation where the citizens irrespective of social standing, clime, religion or ethnic inclination will have a level playing ground to reach their upmost potential, thereby in turn make RGB a nation to be reckoned with among committee of states world over.
During the first 21 years of its independence from Portugal in 1974, Guinea-Bissau was governed by the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) as a one-party socialist state. Since the first multi-party elections in 1994 numerous political parties have emerged on the Guinea Bissau political landscape.
The 2014 election saw a major realignment of the leading political personalities and parties including the Independent Presidential Candidacy of Nuno Gomes Nabiam. The Nabiam candidacy won 25% of the first round voting for president against just 7% for the PRS candidate. In the second-round run-off against the PAIGC’s José Mário Vaz (JOMAV) he polled roughly 40% to Vaz’s 60%. The strong showing that Nabiam made in the general election with no party affiliation or party machinery backing him demonstrated the people’s desire for a change in the national politics of the RGB. The fact that people voted in large numbers outside of party affiliation for an independent candidate revealed the nation’s dissatisfaction with the political status quo.
The basis of Nabiam’s independent presidential campaign was a commonly known concept in Guinea-Bissau culture and society called Guinendade. The term Guinendade is linked to the concept of national identity, the socio-cultural experience of Guinean “Man” or Creole, which Cónego Marcelino Marques de Barros called “Guinean” in the 19th century. The idea of Guinendade is well known to the Guinea-Bissau population.
It is still on this backdrop that the man Nuno Nabiam is working hard to entrench this lofty principle that will ensure that the prosperity and true-independence of RGB and her citizens are given a sense of belonging in a New Guinea Bissau that the Guinean will be proud of.
This great movement to revamp RGB is anchored on the following:
• Constitutional Amendment that creates a strong executive form of government that eliminates the power struggle created by the current constitution between the President and the Prime Minister that has historically led to failed governments or military coups. The sole responsibility for running the executive branch of government must rest with an elected President and Vice President from the same political party. Cabinet ministers will be appointed by the president with ceremonial review of ministerial appointees by the parliament but no veto power over cabinet minister appointments.
•Reform of the Judicial System to dispense equal justice to the people of RGB without fear of corruption and to assure potential foreign investors of lawful due process.
•Education Reform must be implemented starting with an improved system of early childhood, elementary, secondary and higher education. Reforms must include improved physical facilities adequately equipped and teacher preparation programs to insure the delivery of quality education at all levels and in all regions of the country. Technology must play a central role in education including teaching the nation’s youth to use technology in their daily lives for effective management of businesses and public sector entities.
• A National Service Program that can immediately begin providing employment for high school aged youth and/or college graduates by offering paid training programs in health services, environmental protection, rural and agricultural development, renewable energy, education, IT engineering and other current and future “in demand” jobs.
• Establish a National Entrepreneurial Training System that will operate in the various regions of the nation that creates jobs through entrepreneurial development as a key strategy to reduce the nation’s high unemployment rate among youth.
The planks of the party platform outlined above are a few examples of the progressive programs that the APU believes will lead to a stable Guinea Bissau.
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